Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

Technology is evolving every passing day. World is witnessing a digital makeover with Innovative ideas & technology advancement thriving in each & every sector.

All these digital transformations at some point related to web technologies such as machine learning, artificial intelligence, data science and so on. These web technologies are based on various programming languages.

To overcome the shortcomings of old programming languages new programming languages are implemented & become popular in short time. In 2021, there are Top 9 Programming Languages that you should learn.

1. JavaScript

One of the top programming languages that are going up at a higher rate is JavaScript. It is a lightweight language that can be used for network centric application development.

JavaScript Programming Language Image

Javascript is one of the languages that enable the working of web pages. Along with HTML & CSS. So it is one of the reasons to learn JavaScript in 2021.

JavaScript helps in:

  • Creating responsive elements such as animations, menus etc.
  • It helps to power web pages & apps.
  • To add new features to the development cycle different frameworks can be added such as Node.JS and jQuery.
  • Also, it’s easily implemented in frontend & backend programming.

Currently many big names such as Uber, PayPal, and Netflix use Node.js extensively. To learn JavaScript would be a wise investment of your time and it will be one of the important learning aspect for employment point of view.

2. Swift:

Swift is a programming language developed by Apple to develop iOS applications. Compared to other programming languages, Swift is a relatively new language introduced in 2014.

Swift Programming Language Logo

As use of Apple products like iPhones are increasing, Swift will become one of most demanded programming language in 2021.

Swift has been optimized for performance and built from the ground up to match the realities of modern iOS development. There are many projects that make Swift useful on other platforms as well. Swift can run on Linux, Windows & Android. Also, You can use Swift on the Server with frameworks such as Vapor.

Few best things about Swift:

  1. It is backed by Apple. So It will remain in demand for at least a few decades.
  2. Syntax are highly readable
  3. Code sharing & development process is smooth & faster in frontend & backend.
  4. Swift is a fast language compared to other popular programming languages, such as Objective-C and Python.
  5. You can learn swift without any previous programming language

3. Scala:

Scala is a programming language that provides support for both object-oriented programming and functional programming. Scala stands for Scalable language.

Scala has a strong static type system.

Scala Programming Language Logo

If you are familiar with the Java programming language, Scala somewhat resembles Java. It is a strongly typed language. As it takes the best features of Java such as its Object-Oriented Structure and lightning-fast JVM runtime environment with a modern twist.

Scala allows complex procedures to be executed in parallel. That’s why it is used for machine learning to web apps. It allows developers to make good use of standard JVM features and Java libraries.

So if you want to learn something new, Scala could be one of the best option available.

4. Go:

Go also known as “Golang” is a programming language developed by google. It has been designed to support multithreading and it allows processes to run concurrently.

Go Logo

In recent time, concepts of multithreading and distributed systems are becoming highly popular, So Golang is becoming a preferred programming language for developers. Also, being statically-typed language makes it more secure.

It has it’s some other advantages like:

  • Golang is easier to learn because of Cleaner syntax
  • Comprehensive standard library offering a range of inbuilt functions
  • Best for building single page applications
  • Smart documentation
  • Very fast as it is compiled to machine code

Go programming language used by many companies which heavily relies on distributed systems. It is widely used by a number of silicon valley startups.

Those who wish to work abroad should pursue to acquire Golang programming language skills.

5. Python:

Python is one of the oldest & user friendly programming language. It’s been in the industry for a long time. People who are well versed with Java often choose python language.

Python provides a great starting point for beginners. Any programmer could be comfortable with python as it is known for easy to use and easy to deploy programming language. That’s why many industries and companies use python for many years now.

Python Programming Language Image

Python is mostly used in areas of machine learning, deep learning, artificial intelligence, and other data science fields. As we all know, the use of data science is growing every day, the need of skilled individuals is also increasing.

If you want to start learning python you will have good support from other python developers. Also, python provides excellent library support.

Many companies, startups & industries are using python for their backend programming. There are lots of opportunities available as full-stack python developers. If you have interest in exploring & learning new fields of technology. Python could be that programming language that you would like to learn.

6. Elm:

Elm is a functional language that compiles to JavaScript. It helps to make websites and web apps.

Elm Programming Language Image

Elm is ideal for building fast-executing User Interfaces with zero errors at runtime. It is a functional programming language. Which allows developers to create client-side interfaces without the declarative trappings of HTML and CSS.

Writing complex code in elm is much easier mostly regarding recursion. Compiler is also super helpful. There aren’t too many choices to make when designing application. Elm has become a point of passion for front-end developers around the world.

Even if elm is still new in industry, it has a good scope in future.

7. Ruby:

Ruby programming language is a primarily object-oriented programming language. It is dynamically, strongly typed.

It belongs to a family of languages such as Python, JavaScript and others in essence, but each of them were created for different purposes and have different philosophies.

Ruby Programming Language Logo

As for Ruby, it was written by Yukihiro Matsumoto. Things in Ruby can be done in several ways, as opposed to Python, where there should be only one obvious way to do something. Its syntax is also more flexible than Python’s, giving it advantage for writing embedded domain-specific language. Also Ruby is often used for rapid prototyping.

Ruby language is one of the most promising languages for programmers due to the accessibility of various tools and modern development methods. It works across most of the platforms like UNIX, LINUX, DOS, Window and Mac OS, etc.

Ruby is used widely for websites such as Airbnb, Hulu, Kickstarter, and Github.

8. C#:

C# (C Sharp) is one of the flexible programming language to learn. C# is based on C++ and has many features similar to Java. It is developed by Microsoft as part of its .NET framework for building Windows applications.

C# Programming Language Logo

C# is one of programming language used in the web and game development. It is also used in creating windows applications therefore being used at the back-end side of websites such as Bing, Visual Studio, etc. As per Stack Overflow developer survey more than 30% of developers use C# regularly.

If you are experience developer it may take less time to learn C# in 2021.

9. Rust:

Rust is developed by Mozilla for low level system programming. It mainly focuses on speed & security. Most developers prefer the Rust programming language.

It can help to solve problems that come with other languages. If you’re struggling with older technologies like Java and C++, Rust might be the best option you may go with. Rust is used for software & application development.

Rust Programming Language Logo

There are few talking points about Rust: It’s fast, powerful, efficient. Can be used in a wide variety of situations and rust one of programming language that is loved by programmers. In many companies, Rust is used as an alternative for C as it offers more benefits.

Rust is currently in use by Facebook, Amazon, Discord, Dropbox, Cloudflare and so on.

Hope you get some idea about different programming languages that you can learn in 2021.

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